Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to difficulty breathing. Wichman's asthma is a specific type of asthma that is triggered by exposure to cold air.
The exact cause of Wichman's asthma is not known, but it is believed to be related to the interaction between the airways and the immune system. Cold air exposure causes the airways to constrict, which leads to increased inflammation and production of mucus. This results in the typical symptoms of asthma, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.
Wichman's asthma is more common in individuals who have a history of asthma or other respiratory disorders, as well as those who have a family history of the condition. People who live in cold climates or participate in outdoor activities in cold weather are also at a higher risk for developing Wichman's asthma.
Diagnosis of Wichman's asthma is typically made by a healthcare provider based on the patient's symptoms and medical history. The provider may also perform a lung function test, such as spirometry, to measure the patient's lung capacity and airflow. In some cases, a bronchoprovocation test may be done, which involves exposing the patient to cold air to see if it triggers asthma symptoms.
Treatment for Wichman's asthma typically includes the use of inhaled bronchodilators and corticosteroids to open up the airways and reduce inflammation. Patients are also advised to avoid exposure to cold air and to use a scarf or mask to warm the air they breathe. In some cases, a course of oral corticosteroids may be prescribed to control severe symptoms.
It is important for individuals with Wichman's asthma to work with their healthcare provider to develop a comprehensive treatment plan and to regularly monitor their symptoms. With proper management, it is possible to control symptoms and maintain a good quality of life.
ICD-10-CM code J38.5 is a code used to classify diseases and conditions of the larynx (voice box) in the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM).
The larynx is an important organ in the respiratory system as it helps to produce sound and protect the airway. When there are issues with the larynx, it can lead to difficulty speaking, breathing, and other problems.
Code J38.5 is used to report Wichman's asthma.