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What is Medical Coding?

Medical coding is a process of transforming medical diagnoses, procedures, and services into universally recognized alpha-numeric codes. These codes represent the medical conditions, treatments, and services provided by healthcare professionals, such as physicians, nurses, and other medical staff.


The main purpose of medical coding is to facilitate accurate and efficient reimbursement of medical services by insurance companies and other third-party payers. These codes also help to standardize medical terminology, which improves communication among healthcare professionals and reduces errors in medical record keeping.


There are two main types of medical codes: diagnosis codes and procedure codes. Diagnosis codes describe the medical conditions that a patient is experiencing, while procedure codes describe the medical treatments or services that are provided to the patient. These codes are typically used in conjunction with each other to create a comprehensive record of a patient's medical history.


Medical coders play a crucial role in the healthcare industry by accurately translating medical diagnoses and treatments into these codes. They must be knowledgeable about medical terminology, anatomy, and physiology, as well as coding guidelines and regulations. Medical coders can work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, and government agencies.

Why are Medical Coders Important?

Medical coders play a critical role in the healthcare industry by translating medical diagnoses, procedures, and treatments into standardized codes that are used for billing and reimbursement purposes. The work of medical coders is essential for healthcare providers, insurance companies, and government agencies, as it ensures accurate payment for services rendered and helps to maintain the integrity of medical records.


Here are some key reasons why medical coders are important:

  1. Accurate billing: Medical coders are responsible for assigning codes to medical procedures, diagnoses, and treatments. These codes are used to generate bills for insurance companies and other payers. Accurate coding is essential for ensuring that healthcare providers are reimbursed appropriately for the services they provide.

  2. Compliance with regulations: The healthcare industry is heavily regulated, and medical coders must ensure that their work is in compliance with government regulations, such as HIPAA and ICD-10 coding standards. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in significant penalties for healthcare providers.

  3. Improved patient care: Accurate medical coding helps to ensure that patient records are complete and up-to-date, which can improve the quality of care that patients receive. When medical coders accurately document diagnoses, procedures, and treatments, healthcare providers can make more informed decisions about patient care.

  4. Efficient healthcare operations: Medical coders help to streamline healthcare operations by ensuring that bills are processed quickly and accurately. This helps to reduce the administrative burden on healthcare providers and allows them to focus more on patient care.

Why Become a Medical Coder?

Medical coders increasingly receive favorable job prospects as the industry continues to expand.  Coders have many options in the field including opportunity for career advancement. Demand remains strong for medical coders according to the USBLS.

Here are some reasons why you may want to consider becoming a medical coder:

  1. Strong Job Growth: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of medical records and health information technicians (which includes medical coders) is projected to grow 8 percent from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations.

  2. Good Pay: The median annual wage for medical records and health information technicians was $58,055 in May 2022, which is a solid salary for a job that typically only requires an associate's degree or postsecondary certificate.

  3. Flexibility: Medical coding jobs can be found in a variety of settings, including hospitals, physician offices, nursing care facilities, outpatient care centers, and government agencies. This means you can find a position that fits your schedule and preferences. Increasingly, certified coders and auditors are able to work from home. 

  4. In-Demand Skillset: As the healthcare industry continues to grow and evolve, the need for skilled medical coders will only increase. This means that medical coders are likely to enjoy job security and career growth opportunities.  Coders growing in their position and by obtaining additional certifications see an increase in salary of nearly 11%.

  5. Meaningful Work: Medical coders play a crucial role in ensuring that healthcare providers are properly reimbursed for their services, which ultimately helps patients receive the care they need. By accurately documenting medical diagnoses and procedures, medical coders contribute to the overall quality of care in the healthcare system. Coders move the healthcare industry forward.

Medical Coding Training

CPC Online Training


Our online CPC medical coding training offers the student an opportunity to work at their own pace. The course provides up to 6 months to complete the program. You will be assigned an online mentor to whom you can email any questions. Your mentor will be there every step of the way, to answer any questions, assist with certification strategies and provide feedback as requested. This type of customer service is one of the many reasons our students are so successful when it comes to passing the CPC certification exam.

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